Index

«>/«> analysis, 101, 110, 247 acetalization, 7, 13, 23, 24 acetylene, 22 activity, 155, 180, 182

activity coefficient, 74, 76, 81, 134, 155, 157 activity-based reaction rate expression, 122, 149 alcoholysis, 10 aldol condensation, 16 alkylation, 8, 12, 26 alpha methyl styrene (AMS), 25 amberlyst-15, 24, 203/ amidation, 11 amination, 11, 12 arclength continuation, 163 Arrhenius number, 132 asymptotic exact input/output linearization, 275

attainable product, 102, 107, 109 attainable region, 127$ 146$ 150/ autocatalytic, 46, 263

245, 247

b balance equations, 39 batch experiments, 55, 90 batch mode of operation, 271 bifurcation, 126, 146, 156, 160, 169, 243, 250, 255/

bifurcation analysis, 146, 153, 160, 162, 244,

bifurcation diagram, 162/ 246/ 256/

binary mixture, 98, 246

Biot number, 132

butadiene, 20, 22, 149

butyl acetate, 5, 18, 81

C4 chemistry, 49 C4 stream/cut, 49 CAPE programming guidelines, 32 carbonylation, 10 cascades of stirred vessels, 41 catalyst, 190/ 201, 203/ 210/ 223/ catalyst activity, 55, 209, 226 catalyst effectiveness factor, 133 catalyst preparation, 199, 200 catalyst wetting, 59 catalytic bales, 179, 191/ catalytic distillation, 97 cell model, 227/ 237

105, 146, 161, 261/ chemical equilibrium constant, 72/ 99, 112,

118, 155, 227, 232 chemical heat pump, 26 chemical potential, 71/ chemical stability, 197 chlorination, 8, 13 choice of equipment, 38 chromatographic reactors, 213 closely boiling component, 13 closed loop control, 243 column hardware, 27, 237 column simulations, 97, 108, 159, 160, 165 combined waves, 265, 267 composition control, 271, 274/f computational fluid dynamics (CFD), 169/ 180/

concentration dynamics, 261, 277 concentration front, 264 condensation, 10, 12, 15 consecutive reactions, 250, 253, 255 constant pattern wave, 264{f continuation, 117, 119, 244jf control, 241/ 270/ control algorithms, 271, 274

control structure selection, 271, 274, 276 controlled by distillation, 40 controlled by kinetics, 40 conventional reactors, 148, 153 counter-current cascade, 151$ cracking, 13

critical Damkôhler number, 101, 126 cross flow pattern, 254_$ cumene, 25jf cyclohexane (benzene to cyclohexane, separation), 21ff cyclohexanol, 121Jf cyclohexene, 25, 121$ cyclohexene separation, 25

160, 164, 248, 250, 261$; 266 dealkylation, 8 degrees of freedom, 267 dehydration, 7 dehydrogenation, 8, 26 diffusion coefficient, 68, 132, 211, 227 dimerization, 10, 12,15, 157, 196, 204, 208$ dimethyl ether (DME), 55 dusty gas model, 227 dusty fluid model, 227/f e

Eastman Kodak, 3, 15, 31 efficiency factor, 219$ electrolytes, 65, 71, 86 energy balances, 65, 219, 255 energy transfer, 221jf equilibrium constant, 73, 74, 81, 122, 134, 245 equilibrium (EQ)model, 55, 66, 70, 75.$ 232$

255, 260 equilibrium regime, 277 equilibrium (EQ)stage model, 35, 67, 169, 173,

217.$ 233, 237 equipment, 38, 44, 237 esterification, 5, 12, 15, 26, 37, 74, 156, 210$

262$ 271$ 277 ethylal, 7

ethyl acetate, 18, 19, 82, 233 ethylene glycol, 7, 20, 171, 172, 235.$ 249$ 262$

ethylene glycol synthesis, 249 experiments, 57, 58, 234, 249, 264, 268 external recycling, 98, 100, 139

feasibility, 145$ 153, 164$ 246

feasibility analysis, 51, 153, 165

feasibility diagram, 163$

feasibility hypothesis, 156

feasible bottoms, 159, 164

feasible distillates, 159, 164

feasible region, 146$ 160

FENSKE equation, 100, 106

frxed point criteria, 153, 161

flash cascade model, 146, 153, 160, 162

flash trajectories, 157, 160

flooding, 176$ 184, 235

flow patterns, 173, 220, 227.$ 263

fluid dynamic instability, 261

fluid dynamics, 179, 253, 255

formaldehyde, 24, 83, 89 g gel phase diffusion, 130, 204 Ge model, 70, 75 geometric method, 145, 165 Gibbs phase rule, 32 Gibbs-Duhem equation, 71

h hardware design, 169, 171, 173$ 177 heat of reaction, 21, 36, 132, 219, 251 heterogeneous, 25, 30, 38, 41$ 75, 121$ 177,

187, 217$ 232$ 262 heterogeneous catalysis, 30, 38, 41, 45, 201 HETP, 220, 237 hexyl acetate, 75_$

217, 221$ 228$ 262 homogeneous catalysis, 30, 38, 41, 44, 46 homotopy continuation, 162, 223, 233, 253 hopf bifurcation, 255_$ hydration, 7, 12, 20, 26, 171$ 235$ 263 hydrocracking, 20, 22 hydrodenitrogenation, 13, 22 hydrodesulfurisation, 9, 13, 20, 22 hydrodynamics, 60, 61, 169.$ 179, 182, 224,

229, 232, 238 hydrogenation, 9, 12, 20$ 211 hydrolysis, 6, 18

i ideal binary mixture, 98

industrial scale, 38, 52

inferential control, 271, 274, 276

input multiplicity, 243$

interfacial mass transfer resistance, 109, 126

intraparticle diffusion, 132, 177, 260/f intraparticle resistance, 132

intraparticle transport, 130

ion exchange catalysis, 129, 137

191, 194/ 203/ isobutene (isobutylene), 35, 50, 52, 121, 135,

137, 194/ 203/ isomerization, 8, 13, 97 isophorone, 20, 22

isopropyl acetate (IPOAc),18, 157/ 163/ k

Katamax, 15, 24, 179 Katapak, 18

ketalization, 23

kinetic instabilities, 260

kinetic model, 54, 65, 86

kinetic multiplicities, 261

268, 277 kinetically attainable region, 147 kinetically controlled, 97, 109, 146, 155, 161, 165, 248, 252, 264, 267/

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