Info

Conclusions

RD is based on the concept of combining reaction and distillation to enhance the performance of either of them. Though it is an old concept and has been successfully used in some traditional processes, its application area has widened signifi cantly in recent years. Many more reactions and separations are yet to be evaluated for their use in RD. We have tried to suggest a few such potential applications. Nevertheless, with the remarkable progress that has been seen on several other fronts, such as in the development of column hardware, modeling for design and simulation, control strategies and so on, and considering the pace at which new applications are being explored, RD is destined to become one of the most important tools for process integration and intensification.

References

1 Quang D. V, Amigues P., Gaillard J., Leonard J., Nocca J., 1989, US Pat. 4,847,430; US Pat 4,847,431; Smith Jr. L.A., 1980, US Pat. 4,215,011; 1981, US Pat. 4,307,254; 1990, US Pat. 4,978,807; Marker T.L., 1993, US Pat. 5,258,560.

2 Jacobs R. and Krishna R. S. R., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1993, 32, 1706-1709; Nijhuis S.A., Kerkhof F.P.J. M., and Mak A. N. S., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1993, 32, 2767-2774; Hauan S., Hertzberg T., and Lein K. M., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1995, 34, 987-991; Mohl K. D., Kienle A., Gilles E. D., Rapmund P., Sundmacher K., and Hoffmann U., Comp. Chem. Eng., 1997, 21, S989-S994; Sundmacher K. and Hoffmann U., Chem. Eng. J., 1995, 57, 219-228.

3 Bravo J. L., Pyhalahti A., and Jarvelin H., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1993, 32, 2220-2226; Brockwell R., Sarathy P. R., and Trotta R., Hydro. Process., 1991, 70 (9), 133-136.

4 Quitain A., Itoh H., and Goto S., J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 1999, 32, 280-287; Oudshoorn O. L., Janissen M., van Kooten W. E. J., Jansen J. C., van Bek-kum H., van den Bleek C. M., and Calis H.P.A., Chem Eng. Sci., 1999, 54, 1413-1418.

5 Marker T. L., Funck G. A., Barger T., and Hammershaimb U., 1996 US Pat. 5,504,258.

6 Neumann R. and Sasson Y., Ind. Eng. Chem., Pro. Des. Dev., 1984, 23, 654659.

7 Jones S. and Fallon D. G., 1997, US Pat 56,485,29.

8 Xu Z., Afacan A., and Chuang K., Can. J. Chem. Eng., 1999, 77 (8), 676-681; ibid, Part 2, 682-687.

9 Scates M. O., Parker S. E, Lacy J. B., and Gibbs R. K., 1997, US Pat 5,599,976.

10 Bessling B.; Löning J.M.; Ohligschlä-ger A.; Schembecker G., and Sundmacher K., Chem. Eng, Technol., 1998, 21, 393-400.

11 Barbosa D. and Doherty M. F., Chem. Eng. Sci., 1988, 43, 1523-1537; ibid., 2377-2389.

12 Agreda V. H., Partin L. R., and Heise W. H., Chem. Eng. Progress, 1990, 86, 40-46.

13 Zhicai Y., Xianbao C., and Jing G., Chem. Eng. Sci., 1998, 53, 2081-2088; Leyes C. E. and Othmer D. F., Trans AIChE, 1945, 41, 157-196.

14 Saha B., Chopade S. P., and Mahajani S. M., Catal. Today, 2000, 60, 147-157.

15 Hanika J., Smejkal Q., and Kolena J., Int. Symp. Catal. Multiphase Reactors, 2000, 343-349.

16 Choi J. and Hong W. H., J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 1999, 32 (2), 184-189.

17 Bock H., Wozny G., and Gutsche B., Chem. Eng. Process, 1997, 36, 101-109.

19 Fang Y., Jiang G., Gu J., Dai D., and Han C., Faming Zhuanli Sheqing Gongkai Shuomingshu, 1998.

20 Saha, B. and Sharma, M. M., React. Funct. Polymers, 1996, 28 (3), 263-278.

21 Zoeller J. R., Lane D. W. C.; Eleanor H., Fuller, Jr. D.W., and Barnicki S.D., 1998, US Pat. 58,21,384.

22 Anonymous, ECN, March 1999, 29.

23 Oyevaar M. H., To B. W., Doherty M. F., and Malone M. F., 2000, WO Pat. 018,720A.

24 Luo H. and Xiao W, Cham. Eng. Sei., 2001, 56, 403-410.

25 Geelen H. and Wijffels J. B., 3rd Int. Symp. Chemieai Reaetion Engineering, 125-133, Pergamon Press. Oxford, UK, 1965

26 Fuchigami Y., J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 1990, 23, 354-360.

27 Kim K. and Roh H.D., 1995, US Pat 57,70,770; Palmor D.A., Larson K. D., and Fjare K.A., 1992, US Pat. 51,13,01.

28 Han S. J., Jin Y., and Yu Z. Q., Chem. Eng. J, 1997, 66, 227-230.

29 Wang C. and Shen Q., Huaxue Fanying Gongeheng, 2000, 136-141.

30 Anonymous, (edited by Parkinson G.) Chem. Eng., Jan 2001, p.15.

31 Masamoto J. and Matsuzaki K.,

32 Kolah A. K., Mahajani S. M., and Sharma M. M., Ind. Eng. Chem. Masa-motoRes., 1996, 35, 3707-3720.

33 Smith L. A. and Arganbright R. P., 2000, US Pat 60,15,875.

34 Chopade S. P. and Sharma M. M., React. Funet. Polym., 1997, 32, 53-64.

35 Chopade S. P. and Sharma M. M., React. Funet. Polym., 1997, 34, 37-45.

36 Broekhuis R. R., Lynn S., and King C.J., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1994, 33, 3230-3237.

37 Groening C., Ebel K., Kaibel G., Therre J., Koopmann J., Menig H., Fritz G., and Broekhuisd Dretz R., 1996, EP 7,04,422.

38 Podrebarac G., Ng F. T. T., and Rempel G.L., Chem. Eng. Sei., 1998, 53, 10671075; ibid, 1077-1088.

39 Mori T., Fujita K., Kajita Y., and Takai M., 1996, US Pat 56,67,644.

40 Ciric A. R. and Miao P., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1994, 33, 2738-2748.

41 Ciric A. R. and Gu D., AIChE J, 1994, 40, 1479-1487.

42 Monroy-Loperena R. and Alvarez-Ramirez J., Ind Eng. Chem. Res., 1999, 38, 451-455.

45 Knifton J. F., Sanderson J. Ronald S., Melvin E., 1998, US Pat 58,11,620; US Pat 58,49,971.

46 Gonzalez J. C., Subawalla H., and Fair J. R., Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 1997, 36, 3833-3844; ibid, Part 2, 3845-3853.

47 Watanbe R., Nakanishi A., 1997, Jap Pat. 2,87,600.

48 Shoemaker J. D. and Jones E. M., Hydro. Proeess., 1987, 66 (6), 57-60.

49 Wen l., Min E., Peng G., and Yu W., Huagong XueBao, 2000, 51 (1), 115119.

50 Venkataraman, Chan, W. K., and Boston J.F., Chem. Eng. Prog., 1990, 4555; Saito S., Michishita T., and Maeda S., J. Chem. Eng. Japan, 1971, 4, 37-43; Gau G., 1974, US Pat., 3,849,261.

51 Hendriksen D. E., Lattner J. R., and Janssen M.J. G., 1999, US Pat. 60,02,057.

52 Hearn D,. Arganbright R. P, Smith L., and Adams J., 1999, US Pat 60,02,058; Chen J., 1999, US Pat. 58,66,736.

53 Hsieh C. R. and Robinson; R. 1993, US Pat 52,10,348.

54 Ryu J.Y. and Groten W.A., 1998, US Pat. 58,11,623.

55 Huss A. and Kennedy C. R., 1990, US Pat. 49,35,577.

56 Krill S., Giray G., Hiibner F., Hahn R., Huthmacher K., and Tanner H., 1999, US Pat. 59,07,065.

57 Arganbright R.P., 1991, US Pat. 50,87,780; Dorbon M., Lyons, F., Chodorge J., Cosyns; J., Viltard J., and Didillon B., 1999, US Pat. 59,69,203.

58 Anonymous, (edited by Parkinson G.) Chem. Eng., Jan 2001, p.15.

59 Lebas E., Jullian S., Travers C., Capron P., Joly J., and Thery M., 1999, US Pat. 59,48,948.

60 Feathers R. E. and Mansell J. D, 1992, US Pat. 51,49,892.

61 Barnum C. S. and Blaisdell C.T., 1995, US Pat. 54,49,801.

62 Gotze L. and Bailer O., Sulzer Teeh. Review, 1999, 4-, 29-31.

63 Gildert G. R., Hearn D.and Putman H.M., 1998, US Pat. 57,73,670.

64 Rock K., Gildert G. H., and Meguirk T., Chem. Engng. New York., 1997, July, 7882; E & CN News, 20-26 July, 1998, p.20.

66 Lowson K. and Nkosi B., 1999, US Pat. 60,08,416.

68 Hearn D. and Putman H. M., 1998 US Pat 57,79,883.

69 Hicky T. P., Hearn D., and Putman H.M., 1999, US Pat. 59,61,815.

70 Schmitt K., New acetone chemistry in Germany, Scholven report, A reprint from Chemische Industrie Int., 1966.

71 Chung Y., Jeong H, Song H.K., and Park W H., Comp. Chem. Eng., 1997, 21, S1007-S1012.

73 Hearn D. and Nemphos S., 1997, US Pat. 55,99,997.

74 Nemphos S.P., Groten W. A., and Adams J. R., 1999, US Pat. 58,86,055.

75 Jung C.W., Garrou P. E., and Strickler G.R., 1987, US Pat. 47,09,115.

76 Hu M., Zhou X., and Yuan W. K., Chem. Eng. Sci., 1999, 54, 1353-1358.

77 Anonymous, Chemical Weekly (India), 1996, 91.

78 Vora B.V. and Hammershaimb H.U., 2000, US Pat. 60,25,533.

79 Podrebarac G. G., Ng F. T. T., and Rempel G. L., CHEMTECH, 1997, May, 37-45.

80 Zao Y., Qin S., Yu Z., and Xue F., 2000, CN Pat 1,230,583.

81 DiGuilio; R. M. and McKinney M. W., 2000, US Pat 60,75,168.

84 Patel N. R., Lewis V. E., and Enderson M. D., 2000, EP 9,99,207.

85 Nemphos S. P. and Hearn D., 1997, US Pat 56,79,862.

87 Duprat F. and Gau G., Can. J. Chem. Eng., 1991, 69, 1321-1326; ibid, 13271335.

88 Carra S., Santacesaria E., Morbidelli M., and Cavalli L., Chem. Eng. Sci., 1979, 34, 1123-1132.

89 Doherty M. F. and Buzad G., Trans IChemE, 1992, 70 (A), 448-458; Grosser J. H., Doherty M. F., and Malone M. F., Ind Eng. Chem.Res., 1987, 26, 983-989; Jaswal I. and Pungi K., 1975, US Pat. 39,00,450.

90 Belson D. J., Ind Eng. Chem. Res., 1990, 29, 1562-1565.

91 Jaydeokar S. S. and Sharma M. M., React. Polym., 1993, 19, 169-175.

92 Matkar N., PhD Thesis, University of Bombay, 1996.

93 Rhim J. K., Bae S.Y., and lee H.T., Hwahak Konghak, 1983, 21 (1), 35-45.

94 lee l. and Kuo M., Fluid Phase Equilibria, 1996, 123, 147-165.

95 Tang Q., Qingrong X., and lanyue H.X., 1999, CN pat 1,225,911.

96 Bollyn M. P. and Wright A. R., Comp. Chem. Eng., 1998, 22, S87-S94.

97 Duranleau R. G., Nieh E.C.Y., and Knifton J. F., 1987, US Pat. 46,91,041.

98 Robinson C. S. and Gilliland E. R., Elements of Fractional Distillation, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1950.

99 Sie S.T. and lebens P.J. M., Monolithic reactor for countercurrent gasliquid operation, In Structured Catalyst and Reactors (edited by Cybulski A. and Moulijn J. A.), Marcel Dekker, New York, 1998, 305-321.

100 Xu Z. and Dudukovic M, Chem. Eng. Sci., 1999, 54, 1397-1403.

101 Gaikar V. G. and Sau G.K., Sep. Tech-nol, 1996, 31, 1979-1988; Ningoo S. R. and Gaikar V.G., ibid., 1994, 4, 249251.

102 lee J.W., Hauan S., and Westerberg A.W., AIChE], 2000, 46, 1218-1233.

103 Gumus Z.H. and Ciric A.C., Comp. Chem.Eng., 1997, 21, S983-S988.

104 Imamura T., ]pn Kokai Tokkoyo Koho, 1992, JP 04,234,334.

105 Ikari A., Harate Y., and Akio R., Kagaku Kogaku Ronbun, 1998, 24 (4), 638-641.

106 Fraini E. A., Tepera G.W., 1995, US Pat. 53,99,776.

107 Mahajani S. M., React. Funct. Polym., 2000, 43 (3), 253-268.

108 Mahajani S. M. and Sharma M. M., Org. Proc. Res. Dev., 1997, 1, 97-105.

109 Sharma, M. M., React. Funct. Polym., 1995, 26, 3-23.

110 Gaikar V. G. and Sharma M. M., Sep. Pur. Methods, 1989, 18, 111-176.

0 0

Post a comment