Barley is the second most abundant cereal grain after wheat grown in Northern Europe. In Sweden, the average yearly production was about 1.7 million tons during the period 1993 to 2005. This was used in the following way: 62.3% for animal feeds, 9.9 % for beer production and 0.5 % for direct human consumption, with the remainder being exported (Euro Stat data, supplied by Christina Wikberger, Swedish Board of Agriculture, Statistics Division). Thus, only 10.4 % of barley is used for human consumption in Sweden. From 1993 to 2005, there has been a small increase in the amount of barley used for direct human consumption, from 0.2 to 0.5 %. Since this is still a small fraction of the total barley production, there is a great potential to convert more barley into human foods. Barley tempeh could be one such alternative.
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