Figure 11-1. Phylogenetic relationship of Acetobacter, Gluconobacter, and Gluconoacetobacter sp. based on 16S rRNA sequences. The tree was generated using the UPGMA clustering method. For most of the nodes, bootstrap values were 90% to 100%.

Table 11.1.

Vinegar Fermentation Species of Acetobacter and Gluconoacetobacter isolated from vinegar1.

Acetobacter aceti Acetobacter cerevisiae Acetobacter cibinongensis Acetobacter estunensis Acetobacter indonesiensis Acetobacter lovaniensis Acetobacter malorum Acetobacter orleanensis Acetobacter orientalis Acetobacter pasteurianus Acetobacter peroxydans Acetobacter pomorum Acetobacter tropicalis

Gluconoacetobacter xylinus2 Gluconoacetobacter hansenii2 Gluconoacetobacter europaeus2 Gluconoacetobacter intermedius2 Gluconoacetobacter liquefaciens2

'From Cleenwerck et al 2002;Garrity et al., 2004;and Lisdiyanti et al.,2000 2These species were previously classified as Acetobacter

Table 11.2. Physiological properties and characteristics of acetic acid bacteria.





Temperature optimum (°C)

The Miracle Of Vinegar

The Miracle Of Vinegar

You may be forgiven for thinking that these passed down secrets had gone for good, washed away with time and the modern age, But they're not. You can now own three of the best traditional did you know style reports that were much loved by our parents and grandparents. And they were pretty smart too because not only will these reports save you time and money but they'll also help you eliminate some of the scourges of modern day living such as harmful chemical usage in the home.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment