Table 5.2 Cider apple cultivars.
Bittersharp Brown Snout Bulmer's Foxwhelp Chisel Jersey Kingston Black
Bittersweet Ashton Brown Chisel Jersey Dabinett Ellis Bitter
Harry Master's Jersey Major
Medaille d'Or Michelin Taylor's Tremlett's Bitter Vilberie Yarlington Mill
Brown's Apple Frederick Reinette Obry
Northwood Sweet Alford Sweet Coppin
Table 5.3 Major components of cider apple juice.
Fructose 70-110 g/L
Glucose 15-30 g/L
Sucrose 20-45 g/L
Pectin 1-10 g/L
Amino acids 0.5-2 g/L
Potassium 1.2 g/L
Phenolics and polyphenolics 1-2.5 g/L
Derived from Lea & Drilleu (2003).
Formerly the apples were crushed by stone or wooden rollers with an ensuing pressing in rack and cloth. The pulp was layered in woven synthetic clothes that alternated with wooden racks, the arrangement being referred to as a 'cheese'. Straw was used to separate the layers. The cheese was then stripped down and the pomace mixed with water 10% by weight before re-pressing. The residual pomace was used as animal feed or for pectin production.
In modern cider making facilities, a high-speed grater mill feeds a hydraulic piston press. Within the press are compressible chambers (cf. the mash filters employed in brewing), with many flexible ducts that are enclosed in nylon socks. When the piston is compressed, it forces juice through the ducts. There may be a second extraction by water. When the piston is withdrawn, the dry pomace falls away readily. Yields are much higher (75%+) and there are much lower levels of suspended solids in the apple juice.
The juice is afforded a coarse screening before it is run to tanks fabricated from fibreglass, stainless steel, polyethylene or wood.
Was this article helpful?
Discover How To Become Your Own Brew Master, With Brew Your Own Beer. It takes more than a recipe to make a great beer. Just using the right ingredients doesn't mean your beer will taste like it was meant to. Most of the time it’s the way a beer is made and served that makes it either an exceptional beer or one that gets dumped into the nearest flower pot.