Figure 20 illustrates flow pattern in the laminar flow region from a radial flat blade turbine. By using a velocity probe, the parabolic velocity distribution coming off the blades of the impeller is shown in Fig. 21. By taking the slope of the curve at any point, the shear rate may be calculated at that point. The maximum shear rate around the impeller periphery as well as the average shear rate around the impeller may also be calculated.
An important concept is that one must multiply the fluid shear rate from the impeller by the viscosity of the fluid to get the fluid shear stress that actually carries out the process of mixing and dispersion.
Fluid shear stress = n(fluid shear rate)
Even in low viscosity fluids, by going from 1 cp to 10 cp there will be 10 times the shear stress of the process operating from the fluid shear rate of the impeller.
Figure 19. Suggested baffles for square and rectangular tanks.
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