Ao

(Change in input)

(Change in output)

Then

Kc may contain conversion units if there is an electrical input and a pressure output or vice versa.

Still Downcommer

Time-

- Output without control

. Proportional action

Integral action

Proportional + integral action Proportional + derivative action Proportional + integral + derivative action

Time-

- Output without control

. Proportional action

Integral action

Proportional + integral action Proportional + derivative action Proportional + integral + derivative action

Fig. 8.17. Typical controlled plant responses. 230

Still Downcommer

Fig. 8.18. A fermenter with a temperature-controlled heatine jacket. 8

Brew Your Own Beer

Brew Your Own Beer

Discover How To Become Your Own Brew Master, With Brew Your Own Beer. It takes more than a recipe to make a great beer. Just using the right ingredients doesn't mean your beer will taste like it was meant to. Most of the time it’s the way a beer is made and served that makes it either an exceptional beer or one that gets dumped into the nearest flower pot.

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment