Electrical Resistance Thermometers

It is well known that the electrical resistance of metals changes with temperature variation. This property has been utilized in the design of resistance thermometers. The bulb of the instrument contains the resistance element, a mica framework (for very accurate measurement) or a ceramic framework (robust, but for less accurate measurement) around which the sensing element is wound. A platinum wire of 100-Ü resistance is normally used. Leads emerging from the bulb are connected to the measuring element. The reading is normally obtained by the use of a Wheat-stone bridge circuit and is a measure of the average temperature of the sensing element. This type of thermometer does have a greater accuracy ( + 0.25% ) than some of the other measuring devices and is more sensitive to small temperature changes. There is a fast response to detectable changes (1 to 10 seconds), and there is no restriction on distance between the very compact sensing point (30 X 5 mm) and the display point of reproducible readings. These thermometers are normally enclosed in stainless-steel sheaths if they are to be used in large vessels and ancillary equipment.

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