References

Aunstrup, K., Andresen, O., Falch, E. A. and Nielsen, T. K. (1979) Production of microbial enzymes. In Microbial Technology, Vol. 1 (2nd edition), pp. 282-309 (Editors

Peppier, H. J. and Perlman, D.). Academic Press, New York.

Borrow, A., Jefferys, E. G,, Kessel, R. H. J., Lloyd, E. C., Lloyd, P. B. and Nixon, I. S. (1961) Metabolism of Gibberella fujikuroi in stirred culture. Can. J. Micro. 7, 227-276.

Bull, A. T. (1974) Microbial growth. In Companion to Biochemistry, Selected Topics for Further Study, pp. 415-442 (Editors Bull, A. T., Lagnado, J. R., Thomas, J. O. and Tipton, K. F.). Longman, London.

Bu'i.ock, J. D„ Hamilton, D., Hulme, M. A., Powell, A. J„ Shepherd, D., Smalley, H. M. and Smith, G. N. (1965) Metabolic development and secondary biosynthesis in Penicillium urticae. Can. J. Micro. 11, 765-778.

Bu'lock, J. D., Detroy, R. W., Hostalek, Z. and Munim-al-Shakarchi, A. (1974) Regulation of biosynthesis in Gibberella fujikuroi. Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 62, 377-389.

Bushell, M. E. (1989) The process physiology of secondary metabolite production. In Microbial Products: New Approaches. Soc. Gen. Microbiol. Symp. 44, pp. 95-120 (Editors Baumberg, S., Hunter, I. S. and Rhodes, P. M.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Calcott, P. H. (1981) The construction and operation of continuous cultures. In Continuous Culture of Cells, Vol. 1, pp.13-26 (Editor Calcott, P. H.). CRC Press, Boca Raton.

Callihan, C. D. and Clemmer, J. E. (1979) Biomass from cellulosic materials. In Economic Microbiology, Vol. 4, Microbial Biomass, pp. 208-270 (Editor Rose, A. H.) . Academic Press, London.

Crabtree, H. G. (1929) Observations on the carbohydrate metabolism of tumours. Biochem. J. 23, 536-545.

Dostalek, M., Haggstrom, C. and Molin, N. (1972) Optimisation of biomass production from methanol. Fermentation Technology Today, Proc. IV Int. Fermentation Symp., pp. 497-511 (Editor Terui, G.).

Dunn, I. J. and Mor, l.-R. (1975) Variable-volume continuous cultivation. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 17, 1805-1822.

Eagon, R. G. (1961) Pseudomonas natriegens, a marine bacterium with a generation time of less than ten minutes. /. Bacteriol. 83, 736-737.

Fiechter, A. (1982) Regulatory aspects in yeast metabolism. In Advances in Biotechnology, 1. Scientific and Engineering Principles, pp. 261-267 (Editors Moo-Young, M., Robinson, C. W. and Vezina, C.). Pergamon Press, Toronto.

Gu, M.B., Park, M. H. and Kim, D.-I. (1991) Growth rate control in fed-batch cultures of recombinant Saccha-romyces cerevisiae producing hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg). Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 35, 46-50.

Griffiths, J. B. (1986) Scaling-up of animal cell cultures. In Animal Cell Culture, a Practical Approach, pp. 33-70 (Editor Freshney, R. I.). IRL Press, Oxford.

Griffiths, J. B. (1992) Animal cell processes — batch or continuous? J. Biotechnol. 22, 21-30.

Harrison, D. E. F. (1973) Studies on the affinity of methanol and methane utilising bacteria for their carbon substrates. J. Appl. Bacteriol. 36, 309-314.

Harte, M. J. and Webb, F. C. (1967) Utilisation of mixed sugars in continuous fermentations. Biotech. Bioeng. 9, 205-221.

Heijnen, J. J., Terwisscha van Scheltinga, A. H. and Straathof, A. J. (1992) Fundamental bottlenecks in the application of continuous bioprocesses. J. Biotechnol. 22, 3-20.

Hospodka, J. (1966) Industrial applications of continuous fermentation. In Theoretical and Methodological Basis of Continuous Culture of Microorganisms, pp. 493-645 (Editors Malek, I and Fencl, Z.). Academic Press, New York.

Hough, J. S., Keevil, C. W., Maric, V., Philliskirk, G. and Young, T. W. (1976) Continuous culture in brewing. In Continuous Culture, 6, Applications and New Fields, pp. 226-238. (Editors Dean, A. C. R., Ellwood, D. C., Evans, C. G. T. and Melling, J.). Ellis Horwood, Chichester.

Howells, E. R. (1982) Single-cell protein and related technology. Chem. Indust., 7, 508-511.

Ibba, M., Bonarius, D., Kuhla, J., Smith, A. and Kuenzi, M. (1993) Mode of cultivation is critical for the optimal expression of recombinant hirudin by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Biotech. Letts. 15 (7), 667-672.

Kirsop, B. H. (1982) Developments in beer fermentation. Topics in Enzyme and Fermentation Biotechnology, 6, 79-131 (Editor Wiseman, A.). Ellis Horwood, Chichester.

King, P. P. (1982) Biotechnology: an industrial view. J. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 32, 2-8.

Laskin, A. I. (1977) Single cell protein. Ann. Reports on Fermentation Processes, 1, 151-180 (Editor Perlman, D.). Academic Press, New York.

La very, M. (1990) Animal cell fermentation. In Fermentation: A Practical Approach, pp. 205-220. (Editors McNeil, B. and Harvey, L. M.). IRL Press, Oxford.

Lilley, G., Clark, A. E. and Lawrence, G. C. (1981) Control of the production of cephamycin C and thienamycin by Streptomyces cattleya NRRL8057. /. Chem. Tech. Biotechnol. 31, 127-134.

Major, N. C. and Bull, A. T. (1989) The physiology of lactate production by Lactobacillus delbreukii in a ehemostat with cell recycle. Biotech. Bioeng. 34, 592-599.

Malek, I., Votruba, J. and Ricica, J. (1988) The continuality principle and the role of continuous cultivation of microorganisms in basic research. In Continuous Culture, pp. 95-104. (Editors Kyslik, P., Dawes, E. A., Krumphanzl, V. and Novak, M.). Academic Press, London.

Matelova, V. (1976) Utilization of carbon sources during penicillin biosynthesis. Folia Microbiologica, 21, 208-209.

Meyrath, J. and Bayer, K. (1979) Biomass from whey. In Economic Microbiology, 4. Microbial Biomass, pp. 208-270. (Editor Rose, A. H.). Academic Press, New York.

Monod, J. (1942) Recherches sur les Croissances des Cultures Bacteriennes (2nd edition). Hermann and Cie, Paris.

Nathan, L. (1930) Improvements in the fermentation and maturation of beers. J. Inst. Brewing, 36, 538-550.

M and Alfermann, A. W. (1993) Plant cell cul-\n Biotechnology, Vol. 1, Biological Fundamentals, pi I [ KM v

;;nd edition), pp. 577-614 (Editors Rhem, H,J. and J I (; I \ (:H, Weinheim. o I , The theory of fed batch culture with refer-PIRT'. ce to the penicillin fermentation. /. Appl. Chem.

CJ1LL ^^ 415-424. > T, '"i<975)'Principles of Microbe and Cell Cultivation.

Ul-iLkvwII. Oxford. S I (1979) Fed-batch culture of microbes. Ann. N.Y.

s r (199(1) The dynamics of microbial processes: a personal view.

(Editors Poole, R- K„ Bazin, M. J. and Keevil, C. W.). ]KI I'j.-x (hford.

PiRT S. J. and Kurowski, W. M. (1970) An extension of the theorv of Hie chemostat with feedback of organisms. Its experimental realisation with a yeast culture. /. Gen. \h, 63, '-366.

IMHi. s J. and Righelato, R. C. (1967) Effect of growth rate on the synthesis of penicillin by Penicillium chrysogenum in batch and continuous culture. Appl. Micro., IS, 1284-1290.

Plomi.ey, N. J. B. (1959). Formation of the colony in the fungus Chaetomium. Aust. J. Biol. Sei., 12, 53-64.

Queener, S. and Swartz, R. (1979) Penicillins; Biosynthetic and semisynthetic. In Economic Microbiology, Vol. 3. Secondary Products of Metabolism, pp. 35-123 (Editor K.ise, A. H.). Academic Press, London.

K:i.'. G. and Nagodawithana, T.W. (1991) Yeast Technology, (2nd edition), pp. 413-437. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York.

Rhodes, P. M. (1984) The production of Oxytetracycline in chemostat culture. Biotech. Bioeng. 26, 382-385.

Roys i on, M. G. (1966) Tower fermentation of beer. Process Biochem. 1(4), 215-221.

K^ . IV D. and Hospodka, J. (1980) Quantitative physiology of Penicillium chrysogenum in penicillin fermentation. Biotechnol Bioeng., 22, 289-298.

Sharp, D. H. (1989) Bioprotein Manufacture. A Critical Assessment. Ellis Horwood, Chichester.

Shehata, T. E. and Marr, A. G. (1971) /. Bacteriol. 107, 215 221.

In Microbial Growth Dynamics, pp. 1-16.

Shioya, S. (1990) Optimization and control in fed-batch reactors. Adv. Biochem. Eng.

Sikyta, B., Slezak, J. and Herold, H. (1961) Growth of Streptomyces aureofaciens in continuous culture. Appl Micro. 9, 233-238.

Suzuki, T., Yamane, T. and Shimizu, S. (1987) Mass production of thiostrepton by fed-batch culture of Streptomyces laurentii with pH-stat modal feeding of multi-substrate. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 25, 526-531.

Suzuki, T., Mushiga, Y., Yamane, T. and Shimizu, S. (1988). Mass production of lipase by fed-batch culture of Pseudomonas fluorescens. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 21, 417-422.

Trilli, A. (1990) Kinetics of secondary metabolite production. In Microbial Growth Dynamics, pp. 103-126 (Editors, Poole, R. K., Bazin, M. J. and Keevil, C. W.). IRL Press, Oxford.

Trilli, A., Crossley, M. V. and Kontakou, M. (1987) Relation between growth and erythromycin production in Streptomyces erythraeus. Biotechnol. Lett. 9, 765-770

Trinci, A. P. J. (1969) A kinetic study of growth of Aspergillus nidulans and other fungi. J. Gen. Micro. 57, 11-24.

Trinci, A. P. J. (1974) A study of the kinetics of hyphal extension and branch initiation of fungal mycelia. J. Gen. Micro. 81, 225-236.

Trinci, A. P. J. (1992) Mycoprotein: A twenty year overnight success story. Mycol. Res. 96(1), 1-13.

Waki, T., Luga, K. and Ichikawa, K. (1982) Production of cellulase in fed-batch culture. In Advances in Biotechnology, Vol. 1. Scientific and Engineering Principles, pp 359-364 (Editors Moo-Young, M., Robinson, C. W. and Vezina, C.). Pergamon Press, Toronto.

Woodward, J. (1987) Utilisation of cellulose as a fermentation substrate: problems and potential. In Carbon Substrates in Biotechnology, pp.45-66 (Editors Stowell, J. D., Beardsmore, A. J., Keevil, C. W. and Woodward, J. R.). IRL Press, Oxford.

Yoshida, F., Yamane, T. and Nakamoto, K. (1973) Fed-batch hydrocarbon fermentations with colloidal emulsion feed. Biotech. Bioeng. IS, 257-270.

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Vinegar For Your Health

Vinegar For Your Health

A resource for the many ways you can use Vinegar to improve your health! In today's society of miracle medicine, we often overlook things that have been around hundreds of years! Things like Vinegar!

Get My Free Ebook


Post a comment