The Multichamber Centrifuge

Ideally, this is a centrifuge for a slurry of up to 5% solids of particle size 0.1 to 200 ¡xm diameter. In the multichamber centrifuge (Fig. 10.18), a series of concentric chambers are mounted within the rotor chamber. The broth enters via the central spindle and then takes a circuitous route through the chambers. Solids collect on the outer faces of each chamber. The smaller particles collect in the outer chambers where they are subjected to greater centrifugal forces (the greater the radial position of a particle, the greater the rate of sedimentation).

Although these vessels can have a greater solids capacity than tubular bowls and there is no loss of efficiency as the chamber fills with solids, their mechanical strength and design limits their speed to a maximum of 6500 rpm for a rotor 46-cm diameter with a holding capacity of up to 76 dm3. Because of the time needed to dismantle and recover the solids fraction, the size and number of vessels must be of the correct volume for the solids of a batch run.

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