Chapter I


Alcohol. (Fr., alcool; Ger., alkohol.) Formula, C2H6O. Pure alcohol is a liquid substance, composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, in the following proportions:

It is the most important member of an important series of organic compounds, all of which resemble each other closely, and possess many analogous properties. They are classed by the chemist under the generic title of "Alcohols."

Alcohol does not occur in nature; it is the product of the decomposition of sugar, or, more properly, of glucose, which, under the influence of certain organic, nitrogenous substances, called ferments is split up into alcohol and carbonic anhydride. The latter is evolved in the form of gas, alcohol remaining behind mixed with water, from which

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