Particle size, fj.m

FIG. 14-128 Superheated high-pressure hot-water requirements for 99 percent collection as a function of particle size in a two-phase eductor jet scrubber. To convert gallons per 1000 cubic feet to cubic meters per 1000 cubic meters, multiply by 0.134. [Gardenier, J. Air Pollut. Control Assoc., 24, 954 (1974).]

Mathematically expressed, NT = <* PT, where NT is the number of particulate transfer units achieved and PT is the total energy expended within the collection device, including gas and liquid pressure drop and thermal and mechanical energy added in atomizers. NT is further defined as NT = ln [1/(1 — n)], where n is the overall fractional collection efficiency. This was intended as a universal principle, but the constants <* and y have been found to be functions of the chemical nature of the system and the design of the control device. Others have pointed out that the principle is applicable only when the primary collection mechanism is impaction and direct interception. Calvert (R-10, R-12) has found that plotting particle cut size versus pressure drop (or power expended) as in Fig. 14-129 is a more suitable way to develop a generalized energy-requirement curve for impaction

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