Fig

14-111 Pressure drop and collection efficiency of a wave-plate separator. (a) Pressure drop. (b) Efficiency : clearance between sheets. (Katz, M.S. thesis, Pennsylvania State University, 1958. )

FIG. 14-112 Safe operating region to prevent reentrainment from vertical zigzag baffles with horizontal gas flow. (Calvert, Yung, and Leung, NTIS Publ. PB-248050,1975.)

manufacturer. Pressure drop is said to be 5a velocity heads on the basis of the superficial gas velocity. This value would probably increase at high liquid loads. Figure 14-114 gives the manufacturer's reported grade efficiency curve at the design air velocity.

The use of multiple tube banks as a droplet collector has also been studied by Calvert (R-12). He reports that collection efficiency for closely packed tubes follows equations for rectangular jet impaction which can be obtained graphically from Fig. 14-115 by using a dimensional parameter P which is based on the tube geometry; P = 2lt/b, where b is the open distance between adjacent tubes in the row (orifice width) and lt is the impaction length (distance between orifice and impingement plane), or approximately the distance between centerlines of successive tube rows. Note that the impaction parameter K is plotted to the one-half power in Fig. 14-115 and that the radius of the droplet is used rather than the diameter. Collection efficiency overall for a given size of particle is predicted for the entire tube bank by n = i - (i-%)N

where nb is the collection efficiency for a given size of particle in one stage of a rectangular jet impactor (Fig. 14-115) and N is the number of stages in the tube bank (equal to one less than the number of rows).

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