14-2 Solubility of CO2 in 30 wt% MEA and propylene carbonate. Logarithm scale focus on low-pressure region.
For quite a number of physically absorbed gases, Henry's law holds very well when the partial pressure of the solute is less than about 101 kPa (1 atm). For partial pressures above 101 kPa, H may be independent of the partial pressure (Fig. 14-1), but this needs to be verified for the particular system of interest. The variation of H with temperature is a strongly nonlinear function of temperature as discussed by Poling, Prausnitz, and O'Connell (The Properties of Gases and Liquids, 5th ed., McGraw-Hill, New York, 2000). Consultation of this reference is recommended when temperature and pressure extrapolations of Henry's law data are needed.
The use of Henry's law constants is illustrated by the following example.
Example 1: Gas Solubility It is desired to find out how much hydrogen can be dissolved in 100 weights of water from a gas mixture when the total pressure is 101.3 kPa (760 torr; 1 atm), the partial pressure of the H2 is 26.7 kPa (200 torr), and the temperature is 20°C. For partial pressures up to about 100 kPa the value of H is given in Sec. 3 as 6.92 x 106 kPa (6.83 x 104 atm) at 20°C. According to Henry's law, xUl = phIHh, = 26.7/6.92 x 106 = 3.86 x 10-6
The mole fraction x is the ratio of the number of moles of H2 in solution to the total moles of all constituents contained. To calculate the weights of H2 per 100 weights of H2O, one can use the following formula, where the subscripts A and w correspond to the solute (hydrogen) and solvent (water):
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