Gas Absorption Tray Columns

Moving valve trays (Fig. 14-18c) have the perforations covered by movable disks (valves). Each valve rises as the gas velocity increases. The upper limit of the rise is controlled by restricting legs on the bottom of the valve (Fig. 14-18c) or by a cage structure around the valve. As the gas velocity falls, some valves close com-letely, preventing weeping. This gives the valve tray good turn-own.

Table 14-5 is a general comparison of the three main tray types, assuming proper design, installation, and operation. Sieve and valve trays are comparable in capacity, efficiency, entrainment, and pressure drop. The turndown of moving valve trays is much better than that of sieve and fixed valve trays. Sieve trays are least expensive; valve trays cost only slightly more. Maintenance, fouling tendency, and effects of corrosion are least troublesome in fixed valve and sieve trays (provided the perforations or fixed valves are large enough) and most troublesome with moving valve trays.

Fixed valve and sieve trays prevail when fouling or corrosion is expected, or if turndown is unimportant. Valve trays prevail when high turndown is required. The energy saved, even during short turndown periods, usually justifies the small additional cost of the moving valve trays.

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