2. Koch Engineering Co., Inc., Design Manual—Flexitray, Bulletin 960-1, Wichita, Kans., 1982.
3. Nutter Engineering, Float Valve Design Manual, 1976. Available from Sulzer ChemTech, Tulsa, Okla.
4. M. J. Lockett, Distillation Tray Fundamentals, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1986.
To convert lb/ft3 to kg/m3, multiply by 16.0.
source: H. Z. Kister, Distillation Design, copyright © 1992 by McGraw-Hill, Inc. Reprinted by permission.
Fair (paper presented at the AIChE Annual Meeting, Chicago, 111., November 1996) correlated data for efficiency reduction due to the rise of entrainment near entrainment flood, getting ln v = A + BO + CO2
where O is the fractional approach to entrainment flood and A, B, and C are constants given by
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