This thesis undertakes to study the simulation and control of reactive distillation, using ETBE synthesis as the primary example. This is a broad topic and pertinent research exists in four distinctly different areas. The previous work of process synthesists and design engineers on the development of reactive distillation is discussed in Section 2.2. The contributions of thermodynamicists are recognised in Section 2.3. Some relevant work has also been done by process modellers to develop steady state and dynamic model of reactive distillation and this is summarised in Section 2.4. Finally, the work of control theoreticians is considered in Section 2.5, particularly with regard to the identification and analysis of the multiplicity phenomena.
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