T1

cold fluid outlet temperature

u

the controller output

u1, u2

the two possible process input values

u(t)

controller output

yt yL yu Td

Ul Uu

Ul Uu lower bound on input upper bound on input diagonal matrix with weights that penalize the output deviations from the set points diagonal matrix with weights that penalize the output deviations from the control movements vector of predicted plant outputs at time interval k lower bound on output upper bound on output derivative time integral time vector of control moves

Chapter 28

Hsubscript humidity of phase indicated by subscript (kg-vapor kg-dry-air-1) Tsubscript temperature of phase or subsystem indicated by subscript (°C)

Chapter 29

dHsJdT change in the water-carrying capacity of air with a change in temperature (kg-vapor kg-dry-air-1 °C-1)

p fan operating pressure (cm-H2O)

P fan power consumption (kW)

Rq maximum heat generation rate (kJ h-1)

Qrem capacity of the air to remove heat from the bed (kJ kg-air-1 °C-1)

Vb bed volume (m3)

Xmax maximum biomass content (kg-dry-biomass kg-dry-substrate-1)

Wair required mass flow rate of air (kg h-1)

Yq metabolic heat yield coefficient (J kg-dry-biomass-1)

X enthalpy of evaporation of water (kJ kg-H2O-1)

pb substrate packing density (kg-dry-substrate m-3)

fjmilx maximum value of the specific growth rate parameter (h-1)

AT maximum allowable rise in air temperature (°C)

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