Of Ale And Beer

The English word ale is obviously the same with the Swedish word ol, which is applied to the same kind of fermented liquor while the word beer is synonymous with the German bier. These two words in Great Britain are applied to two liquors obtained by fermentation from the malt of barley but they differ from each other in several particulars. Ale is light-coloured, brisk, and sweetish, or at least free from bitter while beer is dark-coloured, bitter, and much less brisk. What is called porter in...

M

Lers, and increasing the national revenue by levying a duty on the productions of their establishments, with a protecting duty, at the same time, on all spirits and malt liquors imported from foreign countries. The first Act of Parliament which constitutes the Excise system was passed 12th Char. II., c. 23. By this act, thirty-six gallons was declared to be the measure of a barrel of beer, and thirty-two gallons that of a barrel of ale. The duty on beer and ale was enacted to be Is. 3d. on each...

Of The Kind Of Grain Used By Brewers

Every kind of grain, with perhaps hardly an exception, may be employed for the purposes of the brewer. In America it is not uncommon to make beer with the seeds of Indian corn or Zea mais. In order to convert it into malt, it is found necessary to bury it for some time under the ground and when germination lias made sufficient progress, it is dug up and kiln-dried. (See Philosophical Transactions, vol. xii., p. 1065.) Mr Mungo Park informs us, that, in Africa the negroes make beer from the...